Comparison of a low carbohydrate and low fat diet for weight maintenance in overweight or obese adults enrolled in a clinical weight management program

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dc.contributor.author James LeCheminant en_US
dc.contributor.author Cheryl Gibson en_US
dc.contributor.author Debra Sullivan en_US
dc.contributor.author Sandra Hall en_US
dc.contributor.author Rik Washburn en_US
dc.contributor.author Mary Vernon en_US
dc.contributor.author Chelsea Curry en_US
dc.contributor.author Elizabeth Stewart en_US
dc.contributor.author Eric Westman en_US
dc.contributor.author Joseph Donnelly en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-05-05T16:14:12Z
dc.date.available 2007 - en_US
dc.date.available 2009-05-05T16:14:12Z
dc.date.issued 2006-10-02 en_US
dc.identifier.citation James LeCheminant;Cheryl Gibson;Debra Sullivan;Sandra Hall;Rik Washburn;Mary Vernon;Chelsea Curry;Elizabeth Stewart;Eric Westman;Joseph Donnelly: Comparison of a low carbohydrate and low fat diet for weight maintenance in overweight or obese adults enrolled in a clinical weight management program. Nutrition Journal 2007, 6(1):36. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.nutritionj.com/content/6/1/36 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2271/595
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND:Recent evidence suggests that a low carbohydrate (LC) diet may be equally or more effective for short-term weight loss than a traditional low fat (LF) diet; however, less is known about how they compare for weight maintenance. The purpose of this study was to compare body weight (BW) for participants in a clinical weight management program, consuming a LC or LF weight maintenance diet for 6 months following weight loss.METHODS:Fifty-five (29 low carbohydrate diet; 26 low fat diet) overweight/obese middle-aged adults completed a 9 month weight management program that included instruction for behavior, physical activity (PA), and nutrition. For 3 months all participants consumed an identical liquid diet (2177 kJ/day) followed by 1 month of re-feeding with solid foods either low in carbohydrate or low in fat. For the remaining 5 months, participants were prescribed a meal plan low in dietary carbohydrate (~20%) or fat (~30%). BW and carbohydrate or fat grams were collected at each group meeting. Energy and macronutrient intake were assessed at baseline, 3, 6, and 9 months.RESULTS:The LC group increased BW from 89.2 ± 14.4 kg at 3 months to 89.3 ± 16.1 kg at 9 months (P = 0.84). The LF group decreased BW from 86.3 ± 12.0 kg at 3 months to 86.0 ± 14.0 kg at 9 months (P = 0.96). BW was not different between groups during weight maintenance (P = 0.87). Fifty-five percent (16/29) and 50% (13/26) of participants for the LC and LF groups, respectively, continued to decrease their body weight during weight maintenance.CONCLUSION:Following a 3 month liquid diet, the LC and LF diet groups were equally effective for BW maintenance over 6 months; however, there was significant variation in weight change within each group. en_US
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dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.format.mimetype application/octet-stream
dc.format.mimetype application/octet-stream
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dc.language en en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher BioMedCentral en_US
dc.relation.ispartof 1475-2891 en_US
dc.relation.hasversion http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1475-2891-6-36.pdf en_US
dc.rights This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en_US
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 en_US
dc.subject.mesh Adult en_US
dc.subject.mesh Attitude en_US
dc.subject.mesh Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control en_US
dc.subject.mesh Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control en_US
dc.subject.mesh Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted en_US
dc.subject.mesh Diet, Reducing en_US
dc.subject.mesh Dietary Carbohydrates/administration & dosage en_US
dc.subject.mesh Drinking en_US
dc.subject.mesh Energy Intake en_US
dc.subject.mesh Family Practice en_US
dc.subject.mesh Female en_US
dc.subject.mesh Food en_US
dc.subject.mesh Health Education en_US
dc.subject.mesh Humans en_US
dc.subject.mesh Internet en_US
dc.subject.mesh Lipids/blood en_US
dc.subject.mesh Male en_US
dc.subject.mesh Middle Aged en_US
dc.subject.mesh Nutritional Physiological Phenomena en_US
dc.subject.mesh Physician-Patient Relations en_US
dc.subject.mesh Questionnaires en_US
dc.subject.mesh Self-Help Groups en_US
dc.subject.mesh Water en_US
dc.subject.mesh Weight Loss en_US
dc.title Comparison of a low carbohydrate and low fat diet for weight maintenance in overweight or obese adults enrolled in a clinical weight management program en_US
dc.type article en_US
dc.date.captured 2009-04-27 en_US
dc.identifier.doi doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-36 en_US
dc.identifier.pmid 17014706 en_US

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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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