Resistance exercise training lowers HbA1c more than aerobic training in adults with type 2 diabetes

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dc.contributor.author Bweir, Salameh
dc.contributor.author Al-Jarrah, Muhammed
dc.contributor.author Almalty, Abdul-Majeed
dc.contributor.author Maayah, Mikhled
dc.contributor.author Smirnova, Irina V.
dc.contributor.author Novikova, Lesya
dc.contributor.author Stehno-Bittel, Lisa
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-07T17:52:30Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-07T17:52:30Z
dc.date.issued 2009-12-10
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1758-5996-1-27
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2271/914
dc.description.abstract Abstract Background The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 10 weeks of resistance or treadmill exercises on glycemic indices levels prior to and immediately following exercise in adults with type 2 diabetes. Research Design and Method Twenty inactive subjects (mean age 53.5 years) with type 2 diabetes enrolled in the study. Baseline HbA1c, blood glucose levels, heart rate, and blood pressure were measured for each subject prior to the initiation of the exercise program. Subsequently, subjects were matched to age, waist circumference and sex and assigned to either isocaloric resistance or treadmill exercise groups, which met 3 times per week for 10 weeks. Results Both groups showed a reduction in pre and post-exercise blood glucose and HbA1c values. There was no change in resting blood pressure or heart rate in either group during the course of the 10 week intervention. The group receiving resistance exercises showed significant differences in the daily pre-exercise plasma glucose readings between the beginning and end of the exercise protocol (p < 0.001). There were significant improvements in the mean HbA1c reading pre and post training in both groups (p < 0.001). However, the greater reduction was noted in the resistance exercise group, and at 10 weeks their HbA1c levels were significantly lower than the group that received treadmill exercises (p < 0.006). Conclusion Ten weeks of resistance exercises were associated with a significantly better glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes compared to treadmill exercise.
dc.title Resistance exercise training lowers HbA1c more than aerobic training in adults with type 2 diabetes
dc.type Journal Article
dc.date.updated 2010-12-11T00:03:10Z
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.language.rfc3066 en
dc.rights.holder Bweir et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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